Title 8 CCR, Section 1669 Online Training Certification Course
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There are many situations in the construction industry that can lead to slips, trips, and falls. The controls needed to prevent these hazards are usually obvious and easily implemented, but they are often ignored or overlooked. Throughout this course, we will review the hazards associated with slips, trips, and falls in construction, the safety standards, and best practices that can help prevent these hazards.
What are the governing regulations? The California Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), better known as Cal/OSHA, is charged with protecting the health and safety of workers in California. Most of the Cal/OSHA regulations related to fall protection in construction can be found in 8 CCR, Chapter 4. Division of Industrial Safety, Subchapter 4. Construction Safety Orders. The full text of the Cal/OSHA standards can be found online at the California Department of Labor Relations website. A link to this website is provided in the Additional Resources section at the end of this course.
Who must take this training? Cal/OSHA construction safety orders establish minimum safety standards whenever employment exists in connection with construction, alteration, painting, repairing, construction maintenance, renovation, removal, or wrecking of any fixed structure or its parts. The orders also apply to all excavations not covered by other safety orders for a specific industry or operation.
Case Study: A framer with a building company was working on a two-story residential building, and starting to form the walls for the second floor. Another employee had laid 2-inch by 4-inch boards flat on the floor to measure and mark them. The framer stepped onto an unsupported board that was hanging over the unprotected edge of the second floor, causing him to fall 12.5 feet to the floor below. He was taken by ambulance to the nearest medical center, where he was hospitalized for 19 days for treatment of bilateral pulmonary contusions, multiple rib fractures, a left radial head fracture, and lacerations.
Key Takeaways: A fall does not have to be from a tall building to cause serious and even life-threatening injuries, as this case study illustrates. A guardrail or safety net around the edge of the second floor, or the use of personal fall protection, could easily have prevented this man's suffering and missed work time. It is also important for employers to educate workers about safe work practices and about staying alert to avoid the creation of additional hazards - in this case, the hanging board.
Retraining is required in at least the following situations: (1) Initial Training (2) Where changes at the worksite present a hazard about which an employee has not been previously trained; or (3) Where changes present a hazard in which an employee has not been previously trained; or (4) Where inadequacies in an affected employee's work involving fall hazards indicate that the employee has not retained the requisite proficiency.