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This training course is designed to help you achieve a greater understanding of the rules and regulations that are in place for the safe use of construction equipment, particularly when the equipment is in reverse. Construction sites put workers at increased risk for death and injury from moving construction equipment and vehicles. The term "backover" refers to any injury sustained through being run over with construction equipment.
What are the governing regulations? This online course satisfies the training and retraining requirements for the OSHA 29 CFR § 1926 Construction Standards.
Who must take this training? Construction equipment operators are at increased risk of being backed over by construction equipment because of their proximity to the equipment. OSHA's guidelines seek to minimize runover and backover injuries and deaths in construction and roadway zones.
Case Study: On August 2, 2000, in Wisconsin, a 20-year-old laborer died from being run over by a dump truck. A dump truck driver was dumping a load of gravel in an area being prepared for paving. After dumping the load, the truck operator began to back up the truck, steering the vehicle to avoid backing into a grader behind him. The truck's back-up lights and alarms were working, and the driver was watching the mirrors on both sides of the truck. The victim was pounding stakes into the ground next to the truck. The changing path of the dump truck brought the victim into the truck's path. The victim, wearing a traffic safety vest, was crouching down with his back to the truck. He stepped into the lane where the truck was backing, unaware of the truck's presence. The grader operator saw the truck as it struck and began to pass over the victim, and tried to alert the truck driver by radio. The signal did not go through to the driver's radio. At about the same time, the truck driver saw the victim's body lying in the gravel. The medical examiner pronounced the victim dead at the scene.
Key Takeaway: Road builders should develop an Internal Traffic Control Plan "ITCP" that project managers can use to coordinate the flow of construction vehicles, equipment, and workers operating in close proximity within the activity area, especially on large and multi-contractor jobs.
It will take a MINIMUM of 2 hours to complete this Construction Backover Safety training online course. The student may log on and off as needed. A bookmark will be set so when they log back in they will return to where they left off.
OSHA has not specified any time frame for required retraining or recertification for Construction Backover Safety. Since there is no OSHA standard dealing with this specific hazard the OSH Act general duty clause, section 5(a)(1), 29 U.S.C. 654(b)(1) defines the standard which provides that:
(a) Each employer -
(1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees.
A recognized hazard is a danger recognized by the employer's industry or industry in general, by the employer, or by common sense. The general duty clause does not apply if there is an OSHA standard dealing with the hazard, unless the employer knows that the standard does not adequately address the hazard.