Online Training & Certification Course Shipping Dangerous Goods by Air
This online course satisfies all air transport carrier dangerous goods by air requirements including FedEx and UPS.
It covers how to use the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations, shipper and operator responsibilities, and the proper methods to safely identify, document, package, mark, label, handle, and load individual classes of dangerous goods.
What are the governing regulations? This course meets the IATA DGR 61st Edition hazardous goods training requirements for those who are shipping any of the nine classes of dangerous goods.
Who must take this training? According to the IATA DGR: Training must be provided or verified for all personnel as identified in Table 1.5.A (Airline acceptance staff, shippers, packers and freight forwarders; Cargo training and development specialists; Ground handling and load control staff involved in the cargo chain; Regulatory compliance specialists; Operations and station managers; and security screeners).
Case Study: In May 1996, Valujet Flight 592 caught on fire and crashed into the Everglades approximately 10 minutes after takeoff from Miami International Airport. Both pilots, all three flight attendants, and all 105 passengers were killed.
The plane was loaded with 4,109 pounds of cargo, including baggage, mail, and company-owned material (COMAT). The COMAT consisted of tires, wheels, and five boxes described as containing empty oxygen canisters.
ValueJet had directed their maintenance contractor SabreTech to replace the oxygen generators on three of its planes. The oxygen generators are a component of a plane's passenger emergency oxygen system. An oxygen generator is activated when its retaining pin is removed, which causes a spring-loaded mechanism to strike a percussion cap containing a small explosive charge mounted at the end of the generator. That small explosion provides the energy necessary to start a chemical reaction in the generator oxidizer core, which liberates oxygen gas. The chemical reaction is exothermic, meaning it produces heat.
The five oxygen generators loaded on ValuJet Flight 592 were improperly marked as empty. In addition, they did not have the required safety cap installed, and they were improperly packaged and labeled.
The National Transportation Safety Board determined that the accident was caused by a fire in the aircraft's cargo compartment, which was initiated by the activation of one or more oxygen generators that were improperly carried as cargo. The contributing factors included the failure of SabreTech to properly prepare, package, and identify unexpended chemical oxygen generators; the failure of ValuJet to properly oversee its contract maintenance program to ensure compliance; and the failure of the FAA to require smoke detection and fire suppression systems in Class D cargo compartments.
NOTE: If you are shipping hazardous materials in the United States the FAA (the enforcement agency in the U.S.) requires you to have received DOT Hazardous Materials General and Security Awareness (49 CFR §172.704) training in addition to IATA DGR training.