OSHA Shipyard/Maritime Chemical Hazards & Toxic Substances
Online Training Certification Course
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This online course presents an overview of chemical hazards and toxic substances that are commonly used in the maritime and shipyard industry. The course will cover the responsibilities of employers and employees. It will cover health hazards from chemicals and toxic substances, as well as hazard controls and federal regulations that protect employees from these hazards.
What are the governing regulations? The following OSHA regulations are applicable to chemical hazards and toxic substances in general industry: 29 CFR 1915 - Shipyard; 29 CFR 1915 Subpart Z - Toxic and Hazardous Substances; 29 CFR 1917 - Marine Terminals; 29 CFR 1917.22-25 - Hazardous Cargo; 29 CFR 1917.28 - Hazard Communication; 29 CFR 1917.152-153 - Welding, Cutting, and Heating; 29 CFR 1918 - Longshoring; 29 CFR 1918.90 - Hazard Communication; 29 CFR 1918.93 - Hazardous Atmospheres and Substances; 29 CFR 1918.94 - Ventilation and Atmospheric Conditions.
Who must take this training? Employers are responsible for training employees in the recognition and avoidance of unsafe conditions and any regulations applicable to their work environment. In particular, any employee who handles or uses harmful or toxic substances must be trained on safe handling and use of the materials.
Case Study: The abandoned Delta Shipyard has left toxic chemicals to seep into the wetlands of Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana for decades. A few hundred yards from the old shipyard are three, 3-acre ponds covered with a crusty black layer, which investigators said appears to be dried oil waste. Concentrations of potentially dangerous contaminants, such as benzene, barium, arsenic, lead, and chromium, were also detected in a ditch that runs alongside the pits. The ditch drains into a canal through which the contaminants have spread to the wetlands.
Key Takeaway: Toxic chemicals and hazardous substances affect more than just workers. When improperly disposed of, these chemicals can have devastating impacts on the environment and nearby residential areas. It is the responsibility of employees and employers of shipyards to be sure that toxic waste is disposed of safely.
OSHA has not specified any time frame for required retraining or recertification for Chemical Hazards and Toxic Substances-Maritime/Shipyard Industry. Since there is no OSHA standard dealing with this specific hazard the OSH Act general duty clause, section 5(a)(1), 29 U.S.C. 654(b)(1) defines the standard which provides that:
(a) Each employer -
(1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees.
A recognized hazard is a danger recognized by the employer's industry or industry in general, by the employer, or by common sense. The general duty clause does not apply if there is an OSHA standard dealing with the hazard, unless the employer knows that the standard does not adequately address the hazard.