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This surface mining hazards course is designed to help you achieve a general awareness of the health and safety hazards that exist at surface mine sites and provides some best practices for accident prevention during normal daily operations at surface mines. It also outlines the MSHA safety requirements for assessing and avoiding or managing those hazards.
What are the governing regulations? MSHA specializes in enforcing health and safety legislation in mining, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) implements safety and health legislation across all industries. So although there is a separation of powers, MSHA and OSHA work in tandem to develop compatible safety and health standards for miners. The United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) Health and Safety (H&S) Department monitors both OSHA and MSHA to ensure that each is enforcing effective rules and regulations to protect the health and safety of miners.
To be MSHA compliant your company must have a training plan that is approved by MSHA and administered by a competent person. Your company can use this or any of our courses as part of that plan.
Who must take this training? This MSHA Surface Mining Hazards Overview online training course is targeted at operators, supervisors, safety personnel, and all other individuals who work at surface mines.
Case Study: On July 26, 2012, a 49-year-old equipment operator with 18 weeks of mining experience was killed at a portable crushing operation. He was standing on the discharge end of a 150-foot stacker belt conveyor, greasing the head pulley, when a coworker started the conveyor. The victim fell off the conveyor approximately 50 feet to the ground below.
Key Takeaway: One of the reasons this accident occurred is due to improper lockout/tagout procedures.
You must provide each miner with no less than 8 hours of annual refresher training:
No later than 12 months after the miner begins work at the mine, or no later than March 30, 2001, whichever is later; and
Thereafter, no later than 12 months after the previous annual refresher training was completed.
The refresher training must include instruction on changes at the mine that could adversely affect the miner's health or safety.
Refresher training must also address other health and safety subjects that are relevant to mining operations at the mine. Recommended subjects include, but are not limited to: applicable health and safety requirements, including mandatory health and safety standards; information about the physical and health hazards of chemicals in the miner's work area, the protective measures a miner can take against these hazards, and the contents of the mine's HAZCOM program; transportation controls and communication systems; escape and emergency evacuation plans, firewarning and firefighting; ground conditions and control; traffic patterns and control; working in areas of highwalls; water hazards, pits, and spoil banks; illumination and night work; first aid; electrical hazards; prevention of accidents; health; explosives; and respiratory devices. Training is also recommended on the hazards associated with the equipment that has accounted for the most fatalities and serious injuries at the mines covered by this rule, including: mobile equipment (haulage and service trucks, front-end loaders and tractors); conveyor systems; cranes; crushers; excavators; and dredges. Other recommended subjects include: maintenance and repair (use of hand tools and welding equipment); material handling; fall prevention and protection; and working around moving objects (machine guarding).